Ratanpur College

Ratanpur College

Ratanpur College is a leading and traditional educational institute of Bangladesh. It is located in the heart of Ratanpur city. Since 1992, this college under the National University is affiliated to Ratanpur University on February 16, 2017.

Ratanpur College


Founding Background:
On 18 July 1841, the first modern educational institution of the subcontinent was established as the Ratanpur College. After the victory of the Battle of Palashi in 1757, the British East India Company obtained the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa from 1765 and actually became the ruler of this region. Although the English did not recognize it as their ruler, in 1772, Governor Warren Hastings opened the mask and took control of the country directly to the East India Company. For the next 62 years, the rulers of the East India Company did not adopt any education policy or any institutional and government education system for the residents of their kingdom. In this long period, the education system of this region was traditionally going on. Finally, in the 1830s, the government adopted an education policy and the education policy that was introduced in that policy was originally known as Western or English Education.

In order to introduce this modern-day education system, some educational institutions were established in Ratanpur at that time, but religion promotion became the dominant form of education. As a result, no educational institution has been established there. Later, on 20 April 1835, the responsible authorities regarding the education system of the country submitted a report to Lord Bentic, General Committee of Public Instruction, which states: The main crowded cities of the Bengali Presidency under the supervision of the government, possible schools should be established. After giving a letter to the officials of Ratanpur for verification of the report, the Civil Surgeon of Ratanpur Dr. James Tailor said that establishment of schools here should not only be required but all types of facilities needed for this Social) can be found. Originally started from then on through 15th July 1835, it was officially opened in Ratanpur English seminary which is now known as Ratanpur Collegiate School.


In order to establish this school as a whole, the entire picture of the society, as well as expose the arts, science, and philosophy of the West in the minds of the students. In this positive change of education and social system, Governor General Lord Auckland and the General Committee of Public Instruction at the time recommended the establishment of several central colleges. With reference to the proposed expenditure and its proper approval by the authorities, Ratanpur English seminary school was converted into a college or a regional higher education institute in 1841, which is named after the Ratanpur Central College or the Ratanpur College and Ratanpur English Seminary School. Ratanpur Collegiate School. Of course, in this college Pratik, The image can be changed after the Sahara. Ratanpur became the center of all English education in East Bengal.

The University of Cambridge University and Hindu College teacher J. Ireland was appointed the first Principal of Ratanpur College. With the advent of her, the foundation of the institutional and educational management of Ratanpur College remained the same. In that sense, Ireland is the real important organizer of Ratanpur College. He brought revolutionary changes in the teaching management of the college.

The graduation of the education system and Ratanpur College:
The establishment of the University of Calcutta on 24 January 1857 was an important event in the history of modern Bengal, as well as an unprecedented event for Ratanpur College. Because it was affiliated to the Ratanpur College soon after the establishment of the University of Calcutta. From that time the students of Ratanpur College participated in the conventional courses in the University of Calcutta. Although affiliated to the University, it’s structural or other changes were not considered serious. One thing to note here is that the six governments of that time started a discriminatory attitude with the Presidency College, Kolkata. Even a new professor was not appointed in this college. In 1856, Professor Brand, a scholar of mathematics, was appointed Principal of Ratanpur College. With the appointment of Brendon, he started taking various steps to upgrade the college. Of course, the college got a turnaround from the transition from getting Brenand.

Ratanpur College's education system was once again upset by the sepoy revolt of 1857. The European officials of the city and their families, even the European teachers of Ratanpur College, joined the movement. The main objective of this revolution was freedom from the British rule. This armed revolution completely breaks the economic base of the company and keeps the Indian government in financial crisis for a long time. As a result, the government did not have enough money or money in the education of Ratanpur College. In the first year of establishing the University of Calcutta (in 1858), 4 students were for the first time graduate or BA. Calcutta passes to test. It should be noted here that the University of Calcutta was the only test center.

After the end of the Sepoy rebellion, it takes a long time to return to normalcy or to improve the economic condition of the country. Due to this, the condition of Ratanpur College continued to deteriorate. The college building also went under the military. The activities of the college were temporarily conducted in both of the houses, which were also quite ineffective. Despite this, the number of college students increased to 51 in 1859-60; among them, two Christians, one Muslim and 48 were Hindus.

The main gate of the Ratanpur College
In 1859-60, the Inspector of the School-College of East Bengal mentioned in the report that the courses that are taught in Ratanpur College are taught by BA of London University. Students are required to take examinations in five branches of the equivalent of the examination course and to complete the course. These five subjects were respectively two languages, including English, history and geography, numerology, natural sciences (physics) and psychological moral science. The quality of reading about these subjects was very high and the students had to achieve this high standard. If failing in one of these subjects, students could not have achieved success even if they did great good results in all other subjects.

College building:
A tragic history of 19th century Ratanpur city history, government initiative on the many hopes and aspirations and the establishment of people's encouragement and cooperation, Ratanpur College building has an exciting history. Initially, if the college is connected with the existing Ratanpur Government School, it is necessary to build a separate building for it very soon. But the government was not very good at this level. The government formed a committee locally for the construction of the college buildings. However, the General Committee of Public Instruction was responsible for the construction of the college buildings and the responsibilities of the related matters. The Military Board is responsible for the construction and construction of the building. On 20 November 1841, the Bishop Reverend Daniel of Calcutta established its foundation stone as "Ratanpur College". Established in Ratanpur College campus was established on the bank of Buriganga. Colonel Bjartin, the architect of Sadarghat, designed it. The establishment of the foundation stone is laid on the basis of pure British architecture, tradition, and culture. On the occasion of the ceremony, Rev. Daniel gave a proper and relevant lecture.

The hostel and its history:
The establishment of the Ratanpur College, on the one hand, added new social life to the citizen life, as well as started a different way of life for the students. From the varied lifestyle of the students, such as in Ratanpur city, a new trend of culture, a new social atmosphere, in addition to the lives of the students coming out of Ratanpur, a new kind of surprise.

The information of students coming to Ratanpur College from outside Ratanpur was first available in 1843 AD. Seychelles College authorities said that 15 students from different districts were admitted to Ratanpur College. Of them, 7 were from Faridpur, two from Barisal, two from Jessore, two from Mymensingh and two from Uttar Pradesh, India. However, for the foreign students of Ratanpur College, no hostel was built till 1880 AD. In this long period, the students spend their lives in so many hardships. Although a hostel was established in Ratanpur in 1874, it did not last long.

Then there were many problems in establishing Ratanpur College hostel at different times. Sometimes the hostel was not built due to the restrictions of government restrictions, or sometimes due to social problems. In the end, the first hostel was built as Rajchandra Hindu Student Hostel in Sridassa Lane, Bangla Bazar, with a full personal donation, under the permission of the Bangla Government. The principal of that time referred to the hostel establishment as the most memorable event of that year.  The hostel's student population grew rapidly and in 1883-84, the number of Borders took place in 90. In a sense, the increase in the hostel's prosperity and the students live in a healthy and safe environment. Interestingly, however, an increase in interest was made for the authorities. Because the building was not enough for so many students.

Later, on 27 May 1904, a government meeting was decided to construct a modern hostel for Ratanpur College. One of the architects of the time p. W. D. A design is presented by, Needless to say, this design was the design of the first modern-day hostel in Bangladesh. He proposed to make room 20X14 feet rectangular. The opinion expressed that there are 4 people who can live in it.

Later, the new two hostels were established in the Secretariat Building and many students benefited from it. The Hostel is named after the Secretariat Muslim Hostel. The dining room (dining room) was enormous. The eleventh session of the Vangiya Sahitya Sammelan was held in December 1918. But later on, establishing the University of Ratanpur, the Hindu Hostel of Ratanpur College was transformed into Ratanpur Hall, the present Shahidullah Hall and the Muslim Hall of the Secretariat Building, Muslim Hall, which is presently Salimullah the Muslim is.

In 1955, Ratanpur College came to the present place. Ratanpur College was on 24 acres of land. However, Ershad government has to leave 6 acres of land.

Twenty-one century:
In the twenty-first century, Ratanpur College, one of the leading and top educational institutes in Bangladesh. Its student population is about 20,000 with the introduction of the Higher Secondary Curriculum, now there are 19 different teaching programs in the undergraduate and undergraduate level.

Present Ratanpur College:
Categories:
1.                  Bengali
2.                  English 
3.                  Proficiency
4.                  Chemistry 
5.                  Mathematics 
6.                  Physics 
7.                  History
8.                  Political Science
9.                  History of Islam
10.             Sociology 
11.             Psychology
12.             Geography 
13.             Management 
14.             Statistics
15.             Accounting
16.             Botany
17.             Library and Information Science
18.             Economy 
19.             Arabic 
20.             Islamic Studies
21.             Geography and Ecology
22.             Visit
Residential Halls:
There are currently eight dormitories in Ratanpur College. The hostels are:

·                     Answer dormitory
·                     South hostel
·                     West hostel
·                     International hostel
·                     Ilias Hostel
·                     Shaheed Farhad Hossain Dormitory
·                     Dakshinayan Dormitory
·                     Sheikh Kamal Hostel

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