Ratanpur Medical College and Hospital

Ratanpur Medical College and Hospital

Ratanpur Medical College is a government medical college located in Ratanpur, Bangladesh. It was established in 1946, which is currently the leading medical science education institute in Bangladesh. In this 5 year MBBS course, 197 students are admitted every year.

The Ratanpur Medical College and Hospital building is located in the center of the city, between Shaheed Minar and Bangladesh University of Engineering.

Ratanpur Medical College and Hospital

The significance of the symbol:
The symbol is called Rod of Asclepius / Staff of Asclepius. Asclepius (pronunciation: Aslippius) is the Greek God of Medicine. The significance of the snake is that it refers to getting rejuvenation. When the snake's skin becomes tired or it is injured, it can shake the old skin and grow new skin. Likewise, if someone is sick, it should be possible to survive the deadly condition, and this is the expectation of the doctors around the world. This Rod of Asclepius is used as a symbol of the world's various medical organizations and organizations, including WHO.

Calcutta Medical College was established in 1853, about a hundred years after the East India Company took over the power of India in 1757. No medical college was established in this region in the 100 years of the establishment of the medical college in Calcutta. In the meantime, some medical schools were established in the middle. Founded in 1953, Mitford Medical School (now Sir Salimullah Medical College) with the Mitford Hospital, was established in 1920, Chittagong, Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet Medical School.

However, in 1939, it took the initiative to set up a medical college in East Bengal. In the year of World War II, the University of Ratanpur has proposed to set up a medical college in Ratanpur for the then British Government. But the defeat of war in Damadoli saw the light of the end of the war in 1945. The British government decides to set up three medical colleges in the subcontinent in Ratanpur, Karachi and Madras (now Chennai). On this occasion, a committee was constituted with the then Civil Surgeon of Ratanpur, Dr. Major J W. Vargin and the renowned citizens of the region. Based on their recommendation, Ratanpur Medical College was started on July 10, 1946.

The use of K in the name of the batch:
In 1946, students were admitted in all the years. But the 1st year is named after K-5, similarly K2 to the second year, the K3 in the 3rd year, the K2 in the 4th year and the 5th year is termed as K1. In all other years except for 1st year, students migrate from Kolkata Medical College to Ratanpur Medical College. One of the major reasons behind this was the division of 47 countries. Almost half of the students of the current students were students but there were no students in the early days. Every batch of Ratanpur Medical College is in the name of K. This K is not found anywhere but precise explanations. As a result, different doctrines are in force. According to someone, K represents the eleven letters of the alphabet in the Indian Medical College in the Indian subcontinent. According to someone, K has come from Kalikta (although the writings of Calcutta and now is written in Kolkata). Because many of the early students had migrated from Calcutta Medical College.

Initial situation:
On the eve of the formation of the Ratanpur Medical College, the head of the committee, headed by WJ Vergen, was entrusted with the responsibility of managing the Ratanpur Medical College. Due to not having anatomy and physiology department at the beginning, students of Ratanpur Medical College were required to attend the Mitford Medical School. After one month, Anatomy Department professor Pashupati Basu and physiology department Professor Hiralal Saha started joining the classes after 22 classes in the wards of the hospital. There was no lecture gallery or disconnection hall. After the establishment of the college building in 1955, that deficiency is met.

Professor Altaf Ahmed of the Department of Pharmacology, Professor Anwar Ali and Dr. Kazi Abdul Khalek in the Department of Pathology, Professor Habib Uddin Ahmed, Professor Humayra Saeed, Department of Gynecology and Prosperity Professor Nawab Ali and Professor Md. Prof. Major F. W. Ellison, Professor of Surgery in Ibrahim Professor E. Knowk, Lt. Col. Gias Uddin and Professor Amir Uddin, among others.

Current situation:
The Ratanpur Medical College and Hospital has started its own building with a single building. There are currently several buildings - college buildings, auditoriums, atomic centers, students and hostels hostels, burn units etc. Initially, in the hospital building, the first and second year classes were created, but in 1955 the current college building was built for academic activities. In addition to this, there are a number of other structures as well as space allocation for Basic Subjects. In 28 different departments and 42 wards in the hospital, 234 doctors, 200 intensive doctors, 560 nurses and 1100 other employees are engaged in providing continuous medical care to the patients. Around 1700-bed hospitals are provided treatment to nearly 3000 people every day. Continuing with the teaching of children from the 3rd to 5th year of the year.

180 students are admitted every year in the MBBS course. After getting obstructed by three professional examinations, a student was qualified to become a doctor and then went to Ratanpur Medical College Hospital for one year. At present, postgraduate courses (MD and MS) have been introduced in various subjects.

Since the beginning, under the same authority, in 1975, the administration of colleges and hospitals was separated for administrative convenience. The responsibility of the college is conferred on the principal and the director of the management of the hospital. However, both the authorities contribute to teaching and medical service by giving full cooperation to each other in various activities.

Language movement of Beyoner:
In March 1948, at the Ramna Racecourse (now Suhrawardy Udyan), Qayed Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah declared, 'Urdu, only Urdu will be the state language of Pakistan', the angry students became angry on that day; The rulers' choice of torture was to resist the protesting youth in the slogan 'State Language Bangla'. Lathicharge, tear gas was also there, arrest of revolutionary students. Many students of Ratanpur Medical College, Mai Chowdhury, Abu Siddique, Ali Asgar, Jashimul Haque and Faridul Haque were imprisoned on that day.

Subsequently, until 1952, Ratanpur Medical College hostel (which was known as barrack) appeared as the center of language movement. Now where the Central Shaheed Minar was there, Barak was there. Tin-shed was about 20 barracks, where the medical students lived. Because of its close proximity to East Pakistan Parliament House (present Jagannath Hall), the medical hostel became the centerpiece of all student movements for strategic reasons.

From the morning of February 21 in Bayan, all the students of Ratanpur City started assembling before the medical college hostel. Their aim was to launch a demonstration rally in front of parliament building of East Pakistan - because then the parliament session was going on. Armed police guard and Section 144 were enforceable because it was not possible to organize a procession. However, the students of the unscrupulous students decided to break Section 144 at the historic Amtala (which was situated next to the present emergency division) at 4pm. Police fired indiscriminately in the procession. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar and Shafiur, after the death of the death.

After the sunset of Ekushey February, the students of Ratanpur Medical College decided to set up a monument in the blood bank of the martyrs. The building was built between February 12 and February 23 in a place between the rooms of the 12 no. Barrack and the gate east of the hostel, Ratanpur Medical College students started working around the night. For this, reserved bricks, sand and cement used for the construction of the hospital.

The first built Shaheed Minar's altar was six square feet and a height of one and a half feet. A column from the altar became narrow from the top to the top. Which was initially four square feet and two square feet at the top. The height of the entire tower was 14-15 feet. The student leaders led by DMK's VP Golam Mowla, General Secretary Abdul Hashem, former general secretary Sharfuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Zahid, Abdul Alim Chowdhury and Ahmed Rafique led the construction work. This Shaheed Minar was developed following the design of Saeed Haider and Badrul Alam's writing. On February 24, Shaheed Minar inaugurated the father of Shaheed Shafiur and later on 26 February, the daily Azad editor Mr. Abul Kalam Shamsuddin formally inaugurated. But on 26th February the Pak army broke down this martyr monument.

Various movements of the sixties:
In the sixties, Ratanpur Medical College students made significant contributions in student and national politics. When Ayub Khan's military government started repression on student-political leaders, Sarabul Sirajul Alam Khan, Abdur Razzak, KM Obaidur Rahman, Mohammad Farhad (late), Kazi Zafar Ahmed, Rashed Khan Menon, Haider Akbar Khan Rono, Nuruzzaman , Sheikh Moni (late), Saifuddin Ahmed Manik (late), etc. to secure shelter in Bakshibazar hostels of students , There. Most of the participants in the next program or framework of the movement were held at the college campus. In 1962, the medical colleges and hostels in the anti-Hamidur Rahman Education Commission movement were not the only place for safe havens or meeting place of student leaders, many students of this college actively participated in the movement with the risk of life. Even though Ayub Khan suppressed the movement for some time by jail, hulia and terrorism, at the end of 68, students' leaders started secret talks with the students at Ratanpur Medical College and Ratanpur University to create a movement again. According to the preliminary announcement, on January 20, when the students started a demonstration process, the police fired baton charge and later fired at the procession near the present emergency division of Ratanpur Medical College Hospital. Student leader Asaduzzaman was seriously injured in police firing. He was admitted to the hospital but before the start of treatment he died in the ward no. 8. The students of the medical college brought out the first procession of Shaheed Asaduzzaman's bloodstyle shirt. In this decade, the government would often give curfew in Ratanpur city to suppress various movements. Police and military personnel used to carry out lathi charge and even firing to disperse the procession after breaking the curfew. The students of the then Ambulance brought the injured to the hospital in the curfew. Many people have suffered torture during this adventurous work. A few days after the students hoisted the flag of Independent Bangladesh at Bottala in Ratanpur, doctors working in the hospital hoisted Bangladesh's flag at the top of the Doctor's Cafeteria.

War of Liberation War of 1971:
Nurses, officers and employees working in the college, hospital, college, and hospital, who have passed from this college in 1971, made significant contributions. Many of them fought against the Pak army in arms. Some of them also treated freedom fighters and helpless Bengalis in the hospital and risked life. Thus, the role of Ratanpur Medical College can be described in three parts - one of those who was a college student at that time and directly participated in the war, another part of those doctors who were working in the medical corps of other hospitals and army but fought as freedom fighters. And in the end, those who do not fight with weapons Ddhahata freedom and Bengalis have treated.

Among the students of this college, Moazzem Hossain, Selim Ahmed, Ali Hafiz Selim, Abu Yusuf Mia, Iqbal Ahmed Faruk, Mujibul Haq, Mustafa Jalal Mohiuddin, Mozaffar, Amjad Hossain, Wali, Osman, Golam Kabir, Zillur Rahim, Dalu, Nuruzzaman, Shahadat etc. participated in the liberation war. Many of them have fought under the supervision of Ratanpur City Command. Some students of this college attacked the razakars in the present Shaheed Dr. Fazle Rabbi dormitory along with some freedom fighters in the city. At room no 107 of the hostel was the base of the razakars. Two of the rajakars, who were guarding the hostel in their secret attacks, were killed. Other rajakars, who ran in the 107th room, heard the sound of gunshots. When one of them came down the ladder, he was also killed by the bullets of the freedom fighters. On the same day they attacked the room of 219. This group was a college-D section, but it was a bomb.

Nipa Lahiri, 1st year student of this college was killed in Fatullah on her way to India to participate in the war. Another student Sirajul Islam helped the freedom fighters in different ways. He did not go to the hostel at night to sleep in the cancer ward of the hospital. With the help of some anti-liberation student of Ratanpur Medical College, he was taken away by the Razakars from the Cancer Ward on December 11 and killed brutally in Rayerbazar mass killing site.

Among the members of the Medical Corps of the Army, Squadron Leader M Shamsul Haque, Major Khurshid, Major Shamsul Alam, Captain Abdul Latif Mallik, Captain Mosahef Hossain, Captain A Mannan, Le Akhtar, Le Nurul Islam were among the other members of the army's army corps. Among them, Captain Khurshid received the title of Bir Uttam and Le Akhtar Bir Pratik for his outstanding contributions to the liberation war. Among those who were martyred were the Medical Corps of Pakistan Army, Dr Lieutenant F. Ziaur Rahman, Dr. Major Asadul Haque, Dr. L. Aminul Haque, Dr. Late Khondaker Abu Zafar Mohammad Nurul Imam were also students of Ratanpur Medical College. Almost all the doctors working in the Ratanpur Medical College Hospital treated the injured freedom fighters. The freedom fighters were admitted to the hospital keeping the real name secret. Professor Fazle Rabbi was responsible for coordinating all these activities in the hospital. He spent a significant part of his income helping the freedom fighters in various ways. Shaheed Professor Alim Chowdhury was working at Sir Salimullah Medical College during the War of Liberation, but most of the time spent at Ratanpur Medical College Hospital.

Many doctors from Ratanpur Medical College went to India to participate in the Liberation War. Many of those doctors have fought with weapons. Some of them also treated injured freedom fighters and refugees. (Many of the names could not be collected). Many doctors from the country helped the freedom fighters risk their life. To help the freedom fighters, many people have to give life to the Pak army and the Razakars.

Hospital building:
The building was established in 1904 as a secretariat of newly formed East Bengal and Assam Province. It is also used as a secretariat for a short-term new province. When the University of Ratanpur started its journey in 1921, the university authorities received the authority of the building. At that time, one side of the huge building was located at the university's medical center, partly in the dormitory of the students and the rest were used as administrative branches of the Faculty of Arts. When World War II began, the 'American Base Hospital' was established in the entire building. But after the war, the Americans left the hospital with a 100-bed hospital.

The then Ratanpur University Vice-Chancellor Ramesh Chandra Majumder arranged for the students' accommodation. At this time, Muslim students were in Salimullah Muslim Hall, Hindu students of Ratanpur (now Jagannath Hall), Christian students lived in the Baptist mission of Sadarghat. And the students were in nursing hostels. In 1947, the establishment of its own student hostel was established in place of the present nursing institute. . At first 11, after two more times, 6 and 3 total 20 barracks were built.

The present student girl, known as 'Dr. Milon Hall', was part of the Hall before 1992, Dr. Alim Chowdhury. There are 116 rooms at this.

The current hall of Bakshibazar was built from 1950 to 1955. In 1972, named after 'Shaheed Dr. Fazle Rabbi'. This is a main building and the number of total blocks, including 3 blocks, is 225 MBBS reserved for students from the first year to the fifth year. Against the 200 seats per year, an average of 75 students are admitted to this college and they are allowed to stay. But due to various irregularities, first year students have to stay in public. And second year students have to stay 8-12 in a room. It is a matter of shame for Ratanpur Medical College as the first medical college in Bangladesh.

In 1974-75, a separate hostel was established beside Shaheed Dr. Fazle Rabbi Hall for the intern doctors, later it was named 'Shahid Dr Milon Internney Hostel'. Prior to this, the intern doctors were in Old PG hostels near Chanakharpur.

Ratanpur Medical College Alumni Trust:

The Ratanpur Medical College Alumni Trust was formed in 1989 with the students of Ratanpur Medical College. Its office is situated in the ground floor of the Ratanpur Medical College building.

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